Dandruff Shampoo – Choose the Right Shampoo to Get Rid of Dandruff

Have you noticed flaky white or yellow scales on your hair and so you need the right dandruff shampoo? Most people would go to the drugstore and pick the first product that they see. It is not surprising that sufferers have to use numerous shampoos before they find an effective one when using this tactic. It is much more effective to figure out what causes the problem first and then look for the right treatment.

There are many different things that can cause dandruff. At the same time, you can choose from hundreds of products promising to get rid of your dandruff. That is why it is best to identify the precise cause and then pick a dandruff shampoo that will eliminate it and restore the health of your scalp and the beauty of your hair.

Dry skin is the most common cause of flaky white scales falling from your scalp. You will see these and you will notice that there is little oil on your scalp and hair. Some people may experience itching and irritation of the scalp. You don’t need a specifically designed dandruff shampoo to get rid of the problem when it is caused by dry skin. Just get a shampoo with moisturizing and nurturing ingredients. Products containing natural hydrating ingredients such as menthol and tea tree oil are recommended. Avoid strengthening and volume enhancing shampoos.

Severe cases of dandruff are usually caused by a condition called seborrheic dermatitis. It is characterized by oily and itchy skin covered with white or yellow flaky scales. It is certainly easy to notice the difference between seborrheic dermatitis and dry scalp. If you are suffering from this serious skin condition, you will need a specifically designed dandruff shampoo for the most effective treatment.

A zinc pyrithione dandruff shampoo is perhaps the primary choice when your problem is due to seborrheic dermatitis. Many of the over the counter dandruff treatment products contain this active ingredient. Zinc pyrithione works by killing the bacteria and fungi on your scalp. As a result, the production of oil (sebum) is reduced and so is the number and size of the white and yellow scales.

Coal tar dandruff shampoo works differently but it may bring equally good results. The active ingredient, which is derived from coal, slows down the dying of skin cells and consequently the scalp’s flaking. Generally, coal tar is known to be safe and to produce good results.

Selenium sulfide dandruff shampoo is another option for those suffering from seborrheic dermatitis. This chemical compound works in a similar fashion to coal tar. It prevents the skin cells from dying and from flaking off. It has anti-fungal properties as well. Selenium sulfide is generally safe, but it may discolor chemically dyed, blond and gray hair. That is why it is essential to use such dandruff shampoo with caution and as instructed by the manufacturer.

Ketoconazole dandruff shampoo has strong anti-fungal properties. It may work for treating seborrheic dermatitis if other products do not prove potent enough. Shampoos with this active ingredient are readily available as OTC treatments. You do not need a prescription from a doctor to get and use such a product.

Salicylic acid dandruff shampoo will work effectively for removing the oil from your scalp and for reducing the flaky scales. However, this active ingredient is known to dry the scalp considerably. This may lead to irritation and redness. To avoid this problem, you may use a salicylic acid dandruff shampoo together with a moisturizing conditioner.

Psoriasis is another common cause of dandruff. This condition usually affects other parts of the body, but it may also reach the scalp. In this case, you will see thick white and silvery scales forming on your head. A coal tar dandruff shampoo is usually a good choice for psoriasis sufferers as it prevents the skin cells from dying. The ingredient is natural and does not have side effects so it should work effectively and safely.

Excess malassezia growth is another one of the causes of flaky scales on the head. This fungus lives naturally on the scalps of healthy adults. However, sometimes, it grows out of control and starts eating too much of the skin’s natural oils. As a result, the scalp gets irritated and more skin cells are produced. Since there is not sufficient moisture and nutrition, these die quickly causing dandruff formation.

Any dandruff shampoo with anti-fungal properties should work to treat this problem. Even though the products containing zinc pyrithione are good, ones with selenium sulfide should produce more effective results. If these do not work, you should consider a dandruff shampoo with ketoconazole.

Pick a dandruff shampoo that will eliminate the root cause of your particular problem. Use it to wash your hair every day. If you do not see improvement in a couple of weeks, you should consider switching to a product with a different active ingredient.